Dating china shenzhen
is limited in distribution to an area of South China with its most northerly examples in Zhejiang Province which suggests an association with southwards migration during the Southern Song Dynasty (12th and 13th centuries).The County town at Xin'an in modern Nanshan dates from the Ming Dynasty where it was a major naval center at the mouth of the Pearl River.Shenzhen was also involved in the events surrounding the end of the Southern Song dynasty (1276–79).The imperial court, fleeing Kublai Khan’s forces, established itself in the Shenzhen area.Lu Xiufu, the then-chief minister, realized all was lost and knew the Mongolian forces would soon take over the area, he preferred suicide instead of the emperor being captured which might have brought shame to the dynasty.He jumped off a cliff with Emperor Bing, aged 7, the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty strapped to his back, killing both.
The county was converted to become Bao'an District, which was out of the Special Economic Zone.
The city is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as well as the headquarters of numerous home grown multinational well-known companies such as Vanke, JXD, Hytera, CIMC, Shenzhen Airlines, Nepstar, Hasee, Ping An Bank, Ping An Insurance, China Merchants Bank, Tencent, ZTE, Huawei and BYD.
Human habitation in Shenzhen dates back to ancient times.
As well as being a center of the politically and fiscally critical salt trade, the area had strategic importance as a stopping off point for international trade.
The main shipping route to India, Arabia and the Byzantine Empire started at Guangzhou.